Client: Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Wohnen Berlin
Design team: Lysann Schmidt (landscape architect) + fabulism (fabulismoffice.com/ecological-interfaces)
Location: Berlin Tegel, Germany
Surface: 317.000 m²
The competition for the development of a neighbourhood park and a larger landscape park Berlin TXL aims to transform the existing central airport space into a new urban landscape with high ecological value. Our answer is an experimental park that combines public functions with a high degree of biodiversity. An interface is the boundary between two spatial regions in different physical states. In our case, the heath landscape and the neighbourhood park are the central elements that are in continuous exchange along their borders. The project identifies four phase boundaries where the two systems are confronted with each other. Heathland-Forest ecotones, Techno-Heathland, Heath-Industrial Interface, experimental fields et the interface with the neighbourhood park. From these four eco-interfaces with different parameters, four different intermediate landscapes with their own ecological character and program are developed.
The Heathland and the district park are the “hardware components”: two different systems, but with a strong relationship to each other. In the overall system, the Heathland is the historical heart, which can only be maintained in its ecological stage through maintenance. This competition entry preserves the wild landscape with its nutrient-poor soils and proposes traditional maintenance measures such as grazing or controlled burning to keep the heathland open and to prevent nutrient accumulation in the soil. The district park is the urban translation of the heathland into a residential context and at the same time the extension of the territorial green corridor.